Luke 13:10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath.
Jesus himself was teaching in a synagogue on the sabbath. The sabbath begins at sundown Friday until sundown Saturday.
Luke 13:11 And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself.
Note that she had a spirit. A spirit of infirmity. Not every illness is a spirit, but this woman was afflicted by a bad spirit, causing her to be bent over and twisted.
Luke 13:12 And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity.
Seeing her condition and knowing it was caused by a bad spirit, Jesus had compassion on her. He did not heal everyone. He healed everyone who came to him. This was a divine healing directed from the Father. In a church service it is appropriate to pray for healing. Usually people come forward, sometimes the Spirit of God will lead you to someone who needs healing. Healing is from God. We do not lay hands on people if we are not directed to do so by God.
Luke 13:13 And he laid his hands on her: and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God.
The laying on of hands brought healing, the bad spirit was gone and she glorified God. Isn't this a reason for meeting together as believers? The religious leaders were jealous and angry. They pretended to be more religious than Jesus.
Luke 13:14 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day.
Jesus is Lord of the sabbath, but they did not know Jesusas who he is. How religious they were. They cared not that this person was healed. They moved in the shadows when the light of God stood in their midst. Praise God for his glorious light given through His Son Jesus.
Luke 13:15 The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to watering?
Yes, they all did this. We are to do good every day.
Luke 13:16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?
Think about this? This woman, being a daughter of Abraham under his covenant promises had been bound eighteen years by a spirit from satan, should she not be loosed? Of all days, should not the sabbath be a day of healing and glory to God where he moves in miracles, signs and wonders? This was the fulfillment of prophecy.
Isa 61:1 The spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;
Luke 13:17 And when he had said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed: and all the people rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him.
The woman was bound by satan having not yet received the Lord Jesus as her savior. He had not yet gone to the cross for our sins. A Christian filled by God's Holy Spirit belongs to God. Demons may cause problems by lies given and believed, but the person is the possession of God. The Holy Spirit within is the gatekeeper, the porter, the one who keeps out the bad spirits.
John 10:3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.
We must learn who we are as God's children. He is our loving Lord and master. He is our healer who provides for us.